Tree Notes is about trees -- especially native trees, trees for wildlife, and trees in history.

Saturday, March 28, 2009

Ten trees that tolerate flooding

Native trees that thrive in wetlands

Do you need trees for a swampy area where water sometimes stands for several weeks at a time? Perhaps you are looking for trees that will thrive at a pond's edge or a stream margin where the water level fluctuates with the rainfall.

Here are ten native trees that tolerate standing in water for extended periods of time. These are native trees often found growing in wetlands in various parts of the continental United States. Linked names lead to the USDA Plants database, which contains a great deal of information about each species.

Alnus serrulata -- Smooth Alder (Hazel Alder)
Betula populifolia -- Gray Birch
Fraxinus nigra -- Black Ash
Larix laricina -- Eastern Larch (Tamarack)
Picea mariana -- Black Spruce
Salix amygdaloides -- Peachleaf Willow
Salix bebbiana -- Bebb Willow
Salix discolor -- Pussy Willow
Salix nigra -- Black Willow
Taxodium distichum -- Baldcypress

These ten aren't the only wetland trees. There are many willow species, for example. However, I hope the tree names in this list will provide a starting point for your research.

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Enrich your life with the study of trees.

"The power to recognize trees at a glance without examining their leaves or flowers or fruit as they are seen, for example, from the car-window during a railroad journey, can only be acquired by studying them as they grow under all possible conditions over wide areas of territory. Such an attainment may not have much practical value, but once acquired it gives to the possessor a good deal of pleasure which is denied to less fortunate travelers."

Charles Sprague Sargent (1841-1927)

Print references I frequently consult

Benvie, Sam. Encyclopedia of North American Trees. Buffalo, NY: Firefly, 2000.

Brockman, C. Frank. Trees of North America: A Guide to Field Identification. Ed. Herbert S. Zim. New York: Golden, 1986.

Cliburn, Jerry, and Ginny Clomps. A Key to Missouri Trees in Winter: An Identification Guide. Conservation Commission of the State of Missouri, 1980.

Collingwood, G. H., Warren David Brush, and Devereux Butcher. Knowing Your Trees. Washington: American Forestry Association, 1978.

Dirr, Michael. Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs: an Illustrated Encyclopedia. Portland, Or.: Timber, 1997.

Elias, Thomas S. The Complete Trees of North America; Field Guide and Natural History. New York: Book Division, Times Mirror Magazines, 1980.

Grimm, William Carey. The Book of Trees;. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole, 1962.

Hightshoe, Gary L. Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America: a Planting Design Manual for Environmental Designers. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1988.

Little, Elbert L. National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Trees. New York: Chanticleer, 1996.

Martin, Alexander C., Herbert S. Zim, and Arnold L. Nelson. American Wildlife and Plants. New York: McGraw Hill, 1951.

Mitchell, Alan F., and David More. The Trees of North America. New York, NY: Facts On File Publications, 1987.

Randall, Charles E. Enjoying Our Trees. Washington: American Forestry Association, 1969.

Settergren, Carl D., and R. E. McDermott. Trees of Missouri. Columbia: University Extension, 1995.

Sternberg, Guy, and James W. Wilson. Native Trees for North American Landscapes: from the Atlantic to the Rockies. Portland: Timber, 2004.

Wharton, Mary E., and Roger W. Barbour. Trees and Shrubs of Kentucky. Lexington: University of Kentucky, 1973.

Wyman, Donald. Trees for American Gardens. New York: Macmillan, 1965.

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